Tuesday, 24 May 2011


Cows are the most common type of large farm animals or domesticated ungulates.  The name cow in swahili is NG'OMBE in parts of east africa They are from genus bos, member of the sub family bovine.

 Cattle is another name of cow raised as livestock for meat, dairy products, hides and skin and they also help in farming ,ploughing in addition to that they act as a means of transport for goods, equipments and people of the farm and they are sacred cow in India.

Cattle are identified as three separate species. The Bos taurus, the European or "taurine" cattle in of  similar member from Africa and Asia Bos indicus, the zebu; and the extinct member family  Bos primigenius as the scientific name, the aurochs which is ancestral to both zebu and taurine cattle.

The three species  have  been grouped as one species, with Bos primigenius taurus, Bos primigenius indicus and Bos primigenius primigenius as the subspecies.

Kingdom is animalia,phylum chordata,class is mammalia, subclass theria, infra class eutheria, family bovidae, sub family bovinae.


1.       A Cows or Ng’ombe can live for 25yrs of age ,they are herbivorous animals

2.       A Cow or ng;ombe give birth to young ones

3.       A Cow spend 7hours eating and 8hours chewing cud they don’t bite the grass but roll their tongue around the grass and chew it in addition  they have two pairs of  cloven  hooves.

4.       A Cow or ng’ombe has one stomach with four digestive systems the rumen, reticulum, omasum and abomasum. The rumen is the largest compartment and acts as a fermentation chamber. The abomasum is last of the four and is comparable in both structure and function to the human stomach.

5.       A cow or ng’ombe eats about 90pounds of feeds and drinks like 40 gallons of water per day.

6.        A heifer is a female cow that hasn't had a calf yet  while the smallest type of cow is a breed called Dexter, which was bred a small size for household living.

7.       A cow or ng’ombe has 920  different breeds  in the world. 

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