Thursday, 1 September 2011

Endangered poisonous snakes species

BANDED KRAIT-Bungarus fasciatus
Bungarus fasciatus is Extremely toxic, but so disinclined to bite that Malayan villagers believe it is not a venomous species.
1- 2 meters in size. It has black and yellow cross bands on  its entire length.
 India Mayurbhanj district  and the malay archipelago.
banded krait is found in bamboo groves in the  forests,plantation and farms, where It hides during the day in burrows under stones or logs, becoming  active at night.
like all kraits other snakes are the preferred food.
The female lays eggs.


About 190 species. Arguably the most advanced snakes, a group which includes the rattlesnakes, the European adder (vipera berus) , and the gaboon viper (bitis gabonica), which hold the record for length of fangs. This is possible because, as in all vipers , the fangs can be folded into the roof of the mouth and are swivelled forward during a bite. Sometimes the pit vipers (rattlesnakes and their kin) are placed in a separate family. All of them have a heat-sensitive pit on each side of their face, for detecting the body warmth of mammals or birds, enabling them to strike accurately in pitch darkness.  

FER-DE-LANCE-Bothrops atrox
More correctly known as barb amarilla, this snake has a virulent venom and reputedly responsible for the most snake-bite related deaths in south America of any species. The true fer-de-lance occurs only on island of Martinique.

Averages 2 metres (6 ½ ft). One of its many common names refers to it as a “lancehead”; its triangutar head with light stripes behind the eyes produces an arrow point marking towards the snout. Mostly some shade of brown with darker brown triangles radiating off the back.
From Mexico down through Brazil.
Found in plantations and forest, especially along streams.
Venomous, feeding on small mammals and birds, frogs and lizards.
  A large female can produce an astonishing litter of up to 70 young measuring 30cm (12in).

GABOON VIPER-Bitis gabonica

This large viper has massive fangs of up to 5cm (2in), a record for any snake. The fangs are folded  against the roof of the mouth, but are raised and extended when the snake goes to strike.
DESCRIPTION: The largest and fattest of the puff adders at up to 1.8 metres (6ft) and 12kgs (26lb). Very heavy-bodied with a wide head and silvery eye marked out by a triangle of brown or black extending from the jaw. The colours of the amazingly cryptic body patterm range from brown, beige, yellow, black and purple.

much of eastern, central and western Africa.
Found on the floors of rain forests and woodland, its remarkable patterning camouflages it wonderfully in leaf litter
Venomous, eating a variety of terrestrial the small royal antelope.
live-bearing, up to 60 young in a litter.

PUFF ADDER-Bitis arietans

Male puff adders may be seen performing strange ritualized combats or dances together during the  breeding season.
DESCRIPTION: A very heavy-bodied snake, perhaps only 1 metre (3-4ft), but extremely variable in colour, ranging from yellow-brown through reddish brown or grey with heavy black markings.
DISTRIBUTION: Africa south of the Sahara, southwest Arabia and Yemen.
HABITAT: Most active at night, but in fact generally an ambush feeder, waiting for its prey to pass its silent, camouflaged form. Usually hisses very loudly when threatened.

Venomous, eating mainly rodents which are quickly digested with the aid of the tissue-destroying nature of the venom.
Able to produce massive litters of over 80 live offspring.

CANTIL SNAKE-Agkistrodon bilineas

The newly hatched young are able to attract their prey by using extraordinary movements of their bright yellow tail lure.
DESCRIPTION: A blue-back to chocolate brown snake, with creamy-white markings taking the form of two narrow lateral stripes and regular thin cross bars.
DISTRIBUTION: Through much of southern Mexico, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua, Honduras and Belize.
HABITAT: Mainly nocturnal, it generally resides near water.
FOOD: Venomous, feeding on amphibians, fish, mammals and reptiles.
BREEDING: Live-bearing, giving birth to over a dozen young.

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